What is nominalism?

Jump to navigation Jump to search. In metaphysics, nominalism is a philosophical view which denies the existence of universals and abstract objects, but affirms the existence of general or abstract terms and predicates. There are at least two main versions of nominalism.

Is nominalism a movement going back to Ockham?

These students then made a reply to Louis XI, defending nominalism as a movement going back to Ockham, which had been persecuted repeatedly, but which in fact represents the truer philosophy. See Robert Pasnau, Metaphysical Themes, 1274-1671, (New York: OUP, 2011), p. 85.

What is nominalism According to John Stuart Mill?

John Stuart Mill summarised nominalism in the apothegm there is nothing general except names. In philosophy of law, nominalism finds its application in what is called constitutional nominalism. The opposite of nominalism is realism.

What is an example of non-realism?

Nominalism is a type of metaphysical anti-realism. It holds that things like universals, essences, and abstract objects do not exist at all. Instead, these things exist simply as names given to physical (concrete) particulars. As mentioned above, an example of an essence or universal would be Man or Blue..

What is the philosophical view of nominalism?

Nominalism is a philosophical view concerning the existence of abstract objects. Abstract objects might be thought of as an overarching term for things like universals, essences, natures, and forms. Abstract objects are things like humanity, justice, colors, numbers, sets,...

What makes a position nominalist?

Sometimes Nominalism is identified with those positions exemplifying strategy (a). But this seems to be based on the thought that what makes a position nominalist is the rejection of properties, numbers, propositions, etc.

Is a nihilist a nominalist?

For if that were the case, a nihilist, someone who believed that there are no entities at all, would count as a nominalist. Similarly, someone who rejected universals or abstract objects but were agnostic about the existence of particulars or concrete objects would count as a nominalist.

What is the difference between conceptualism and class nominalism?

A version of class nominalism that sees some classes as natural classes is held by Anthony Quinton. Conceptualism is a philosophical theory that explains universality of particulars as conceptualized frameworks situated within the thinking mind.

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